Country of Origin Labeling





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Country Of Origin Labeling

Country of Origin Labeling (Wikipedia)
Country Of Origin Labeling (COOL) is a requirement signed into American law under Title X of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (known as the 2002 Farm Bill). This law requires retailers to provide country-of-origin labeling for fresh beef, pork, and lamb. The program exempts processed meats. The United States Congress passed an expansion of the COOL requirements on 29 September 2008, to include more food items such as fresh fruits, nuts and vegetables

Complying with Made in USA standard (FTC):
The policy applies to all products advertised or sold in the U.S., except for those specifically subject to country-of-origin labeling by other laws. Other countries may have their own country-of-origin marking requirements. As a result, exporters should determine whether the country to which they are exporting imposes such requirements.

What businesses need to know about making Made in USA claims (FTC):
According to the Federal Trade Commission, "Made in USA" means that "all or virtually all" the product has been made in America. That is, all significant parts, processing and labor that go into the product must be of U.S. origin. Products should not contain any — or only negligible — foreign content. The FTC's Enforcement Policy Statement and its business guide, Complying with the Made in USA Standard, spell out the details of the standard, with examples of situations when domestic origin claims would be accurate and when they would be inappropriate. See for more information.

USDA Country of Origin Labeling:
Economic Research Service (ERS).
Web site includes many reference links to other information on this subject.

GAO Country of Origin Labeling:
Many litings of product labeling requirements on this site.

US Customs & Border Protection Certificate of Origin (CBP)
This is a trilaterally agreed upon form used by Canada, Mexico, and the United States to certify that goods qualify for the preferential tariff treatment accorded by NAFTA. The Certificate of Origin must be completed by the exporter. A producer or manufacturer may also complete a certificate of origin in a NAFTA territory to be used as a basis for an Exporter’s Certificate of Origin. To make a claim for NAFTA preference, the importer must possess a certificate of origin at the time the claim is made.

Other Countries - Traceability & Labeling Laws:
Australia & New Zealand
, Canada, European Union, Thailand, United Kingdom,

RAPEX: Rapid Alert System for non-food consumer products ... European Consumer Affairs

Organic Products

Organic Consumers Association:
We are the only organization in the US focused on promoting the views and interests of the nation's estimated 76 million organic and socially responsible consumers.

Country of Origin Labeling

Government Opposition:
On May 13, 2002, President Bush signed into law the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002, more commonly known as the 2002 Farm Bill. One of its many initiatives requires country of origin labeling for beef, lamb, pork, fish, perishable agricultural commodities and peanuts. On January 27, 2004, President Bush signed Public Law 108-199 which delays the implementation of mandatory COOL for all covered commodities except wild and farm-raised fish and shellfish until September 30, 2006.  On November 10, 2005, President Bush signed Public Law 109-97, which delays the implementation for all covered commodities except wild and farm-raised and shellfish until September 30, 2008. As described in the legislation, program implementation is the responsibility of USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service. 

U.S. Chamber of Commerce: Letter opposing Country of Origin Labeling

Wal-Mart Watch: A history of Wal-Mart's Opposition to COOL.

World Trade Organization (WTO) Opposition to Country of Origin Labeling:
June 11, 2011. A World Trade Organization panel has issued a preliminary ruling on the case that Canada and Mexico filed against the U.S. country-of-origin-labeling law, charging that the mandatory rule violates WTO trade standards.

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Trade Issues

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Currency Manipulation

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